By Lacey Williams
Caribbean Transportation Consultancy Services
(CARITRANS) Company Limited
Red light running has been a problem for many decades; as far back as 1923, when the first modern traffic signals were used in Ohio to control the movement of vehicles and ironically, to lower the accident frequency in Cleveland. Since then, departments of transportation (DOTs) in the US and their equivalent agencies around the world have been implementing diverse methods, including improvements in signal timing and implementation of Red-Light Running Cameras (RLRCs), in order to reduce red light violations. However, the most appropriate remedial action to correct violation at intersections has not necessarily been implemented due to a lack of understanding of the factors that affect Red Light running, as well as a certain inherent potential for red light running. That is, all intersections will have some background level of red light violation depending on its design. This background level is referred to as the Red Light Violation Index (RLVI). Understanding the RlVI for an intersections is implemented, given the significant cost involved with the implementation of any type of treatment.
By leo Knight Msc.,
Bsc, Graduate member105H
Health, Safety and Environment Professional- Petrotrin
It is globally accepted that work forms an important aspect in the quality of our lives. In spite of the tremendous benefits associated with work, an unfavorable environment can adversely impact on the social, emotional and physiological well-being of individuals. This is of major concern when one considers the data in the work of the European Agency on Health and Safety at Work (2007). The study revealed the prevalence of increased work pace, more high-skilled jobs coupled with the introduction of new communication technology, which have added to the present dilemma.
Research examining the relationship between work-stress and employee well-being has documented empirical evidence of the damage stress can induce on the health of both employees and organisations. although a significant amount of research is added yearly to the scientific database, the concept of work-related stress continues to be a evasive phenomenon in many organisations. Bodies like the World Health Organisation and Canada Statistics have provided realistic confirmation that represents a Clear and present danger to our human resource. in Canada alone, 30.8% of employees confirm that most of their working days considerably or extremely stressful(Canada Statistics, 2003).
By Cherma St. Clair;
PGCE, MSc, Ba (Hons), DipMid, RN Lead
Nurse in Practice Development; London; England
There is an increasing amount of evidence linking stress and its effects to many different manifestations of ill health. there is also widespread recognition that stress is experienced as part of everyday life by most individuals, occupational stress and its effect being one of the most common and most researched topic in past decade. Despite its commonalities in experience, stress has proven to be an elusive concept to understand and thus define. Stress from a psychological view, is defined as a “stimulus”, whereas physicians tend to describe it as a” response”. Research and treatment have focused on management and coping strategies.
This article aims to discuss the relationship between stress and health. Various definitions and concepts of stress will be described, together with the influences the different types of stress have on health. Occupational stress and its management will also be discussed, before making some recommendations for self-management.